Occupational Health and Safety
Occupational Health and Safety Management403-1403-3403-6
When carrying out all types of activities, Unipro PJSC undertakes to ensure the priority of preserving the life and health of the employees over the results of its production activities.
The Company has the health and occupational safety management system certified for compliance with ISO 45001-2018 which applies to the full-time employees of Unipro, the employees hired under temporary employment contracts and the employees of contractors.
The Unipro Health and Occupational Safety Management System is based on the fulfilment of legal and corporate requirements.
Legislative requirements are defined in the List of Mandatory and Recommended Regulatory and Technical Documents that Establish Requirements for Arranging for Operation, Industrial, Environmental, Technical and Process Safety, Information Security of the Automatic Process Control System, Repair and Maintenance of Equipment, Buildings and Structures of Unipro PJSC, Occupational Health and Safety during their Operation.
The corporate requirements for the Health and Occupational Safety Management System are defined in the local regulatory documents of Unipro PJSC:
- Occupational Health and Safety Policy;
- Regulation on the Health and Occupational Safety Management System;
- Procedure of Hazard, Threat and Opportunity Identification, their Risk Assessment and Management Measures Determination;
- Safety Rules for Contractors;
- Procedure for Planning and Carrying out an Internal Audit of the Health and Occupational Safety Management System;
- Regulation on Analysis of the Health and Occupational Safety Management System by Top Management;
- Procedure for Reporting on the Health and Occupational Safety Management System;
- Procedure for development of occupational health and safety instructions;
- Procedure for Assessing the Safety of Work in the Branches;
- Incident Reporting and Investigation Procedure;
- Essential Occupational Health and Safety Rules;
- Regulation on Work with the Staff.
Unipro approved the Strategic Plan for Occupational Health and Safety for 2020–2023,
on the basis of which the Occupational Health and Safety Plan of the Company (level 1) and of the branches (level 2), as well as the Plan for the Staff Health Protection for 2020 are in force
The occupational health and safety at Unipro PJSC are arranged by the Occupational Health and Safety Unit under the supervision of the Director for Occupational Health and Safety.
The organizational and methodological work under the Health and Occupational Safety Management System is carried out and the implementation and the creation of safe working conditions in the branches are controlled by the Occupational Health and Safety Function, which solves the following tasks:
- arranging for and coordination of the occupational health at the branch;
- improving precautions against work-related injuries, disease and improving labour conditions of the employees;
- developing measures to improve labour conditions and occupational health and safety based on proposals of the employees;
- control over the compliance with legislative and other regulatory legal acts on the occupational health and safety by the branch employees;
- advising the branch managers and employees on occupational health and safety issues;
- analysing and assessing the quality of functioning of the branch Health and Occupational Safety Management System;
- taking part in the investigation of all incidents that occurred at the branch, consideration of violations of occupational health and safety rules, norms and instructions on labour protection;
- analysing expenses for the occupational health and safety of the branch;
- administration of a special assessment of working conditions.
The occupational safety management tasks are fulfilled at all management levels in accordance with the functions of managers and performers, their rights and obligations enshrined by enactments, resolutions, orders, the Company’s Articles of Association, regulations, instructions and other regulatory documents.
Hazard Identification Process, Risk Assessment and Accident Investigation403-2
To improve the working conditions of the employees, to identify harmful and hazardous factors of the working environment and to assess the level of their impact on the employees, special assessment of work environment (SAWE) is being held at all workplaces.
Special assessment of work environment was carried out at 3,287 workplaces. The assessment results confirmed that there are no workplaces with harmful and/or hazardous working conditions in the Company (classes 3.3 and 3.4). To further mitigate the impact of the harmful and/or hazardous production factors on the employees, each branch of the Company has developed and adopted Action Plans to Improve Working Conditions at Workplaces.
While preparing for the certification for compliance with the requirements of international standard ISO 45001-2018, an unscheduled identification of hazards, threats and opportunities and an assessment of their risks was carried out at all workplaces in 2020. By results of the unscheduled identification, the following was developed:
- Risk assessment maps for each workplace;
- Register of hazards and risks in the field of occupational health and safety of the branch;
- Register of threats and opportunities in the field of occupational health and safety of the branch.
Based on the threats and opportunities identified, measures were developed to mitigate the risks and to increase the opportunities in the field of occupational health and safety of the Company.
In 2020, the unscheduled hazard identification and risk assessment established that the risk levels are acceptable, provided that the necessary control measures are taken, and the implementation of any additional management measures is not required.
According to the Procedure for Risk Assessment before the Commencement of Work under Work Permits and Dynamic Risk Assessment in the course of Work, all work permits are subject to the risk assessment before the commencement of work and the dynamic risk assessment in the course of works. In case high risks of injury are identified, the work permit or the works are suspended until the measures are taken to mitigate the level of risk to permissible values
The Unipro PJSC employees can report on the identification of emerging health risks or dangerous situations as follows:
- immediately to their line manager, to the Occupational Health and Safety function of the branch;
- by filling out a Feedback Form and sending it to the Occupational Health and Safety function of the branch;
- when holding monthly Occupational Health and Fire Safety Days, Occupational Health Hours, meetings with the contractors;
- when holding quarterly meetings of pass through rotation shifts;
- when holding panel discussions with operating and maintenance staff of the branches with the participation of the Director for Occupational Health and Safety.
The provision of information on hazardous conditions and situations by the employees is encouraged within the bonus plan and the standards in force at Unipro PJSC: the Regulations on a Competitive Reviews on Occupational Safety and Health in Branches and the Regulations on the Safety Star Competition in Branches.
Unipro has introduced the process for the participation of employees and their representatives in consultations and communications regarding occupational safety and health issues. The Company’s management engages the employees who do not hold executive positions in decision-making on the Health and Occupational Safety Management System in relation to 403-4 :
- identifying mechanisms for their participation and consulting;
- hazard identification and risk assessment;
- identifying competency, training and training assessment needs;
- determining the information that must be communicated and how it needs to be done;
- determining management measures and their efficient use;
- investigating incidents, non-conformities and determining corrective actions.
The incident investigation procedure includes the following steps:
- identification of immediate causes of the incident;
- analysis of root causes of the incident;
- development of recommendations and corrective actions to prevent such incidents in the future.
The corrective actions developed as a result of the investigation of incidents are included in the local regulatory documents of Unipro PJSC.
The Leadership Committee for Health, Safety and Environment works in the Company on a quarterly basis
The Leadership Committee is an advisory body consisting of the top managers of the Company, the primary objective of which is to ensure that the Health and Occupational Safety Management System functions efficiently through the preliminary consideration of strategic issues and the development of appropriate recommendations to the management bodies of the Company. The committee members are determined by order of the General Director.
In total, 4 meetings of the Leadership Committee were held in 2020, at which 31 decisions were made
that were aimed at improving health, safety, industrial safety and environment protection.
Occupational Health Working Teams chaired by the Directors of the Branches work in the branches of Unipro PJSC on a quarterly basis.
The meetings of the Working Teams are devoted to the improvement of working conditions and occupational health, prevention of industrial injuries and diseases, fulfilment of the improvement notices of the supervisory authorities, achievement of the established occupational health and industrial safety KPIs
The tasks of the Leadership Committee are as follows:
- development of recommendations for pursuing the Health and Occupational Safety Policy;
- development of recommendations for the compliance with state regulatory requirements for occupational health, prevention of industrial injuries and occupational diseases;
- coordination of work in the field of health, safety and environment and industrial safety;
- development of recommendations for the application of innovative approaches to the management of safety and health of the Company’s staff based on international standards (ISO 45001, ISO 14000, etc.);
- assessment of the Company’s performance in the field of health, safety and environment and industrial safety.
In 2020, 57 meetings of the Occupational Health Working Teams were held in the branches of Unipro PJSC in total, 273 decisions were made403-4
Occupational Health and Safety Training for the Employees403-5
The occupational health training for the staff is conducted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Company’s standards. The occupational health training, briefings and expertise checking of the employees and the ongoing skill improvement of the staff are carried out in accordance with the Regulation on Work with the Staff of Unipro PJSC.
To automate the training process, check expertise, and assess the Unipro staff in occupational safety, technical maintenance, fire and industrial safety, OLIMPOKS: Enterprise training & control system is applied.
The Essential Occupational Health and Safety Rules
were developed and implemented at Unipro. They are simple rules that allow eliminating major threats to the life and health of the Company’s employees, contractors’ employees and third parties during the work in the Company’s premises
The scope of occupational health and safety knowledge is determined by job descriptions and occupational health and safety instructions that are developed in accordance with the requirements of internal regulatory documents.
The results of training events in 2020 are as follows:
- 241 employee was trained as part of learning the main changes in the effective Health and Occupational Safety Management System of Unipro PJSC that were made in accordance with the requirements of ISO 45 001–2018;
- The Company administered an online training in Occupational Health and Safety Leadership to 190 Heads of the branch structural subdivisions to build up leadership and practical skills in efficient occupational health and safety management;
- the results of the competences evaluation were used to develop and implement personal development plans for the heads and specialists of the occupational health and safety departments of the branches.
- the employees are trained on an ongoing basis in TOP-5: work with electric power installations, hot works, confined spaces, work at height, work with hoisting equipment;
- measures in terms of interaction with the contractors in the field of occupational health and safety.
In 2020, due to the steps to mitigate the risks of the spread of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19, the training was conducted and the employees expertise was checked through the use of online facilities
For the employees, the training programmes are free, they are paid from the Training and Development Department budget that is planned on an annual basis. Furthermore, the Production Safety Department has developed free programmes that are not paid from the Company’s budget. The training is conducted during official business hours.
Occupational Health and Safety of Contractors
Personal injuries of the contractors’ staff are prevented in accordance with the Safety Rules for Contractors.
In 2020, the contractors’ employees attended induction, orientation, and target briefings.
The contractors’ employees were notified of all incidents and occupational safety breaches at the branches of Unipro PJSC and Uniper.
The branch Directors convened monthly meetings with the occupational safety managers and specialists of the contractors at which the reasons for the breaches identified were analysed.
12 Days of Occupational Health and Fire Safety were held together with representatives of the contractors. In the course of those events, the contractors workplaces were inspected and the contractors employees were trained on the nonconformities identified by such inspections
When the training is completed, its participants fill out a feedback form which includes questions about:
- novelty of the information included in the training programme;
- applicability of the knowledge and skills obtained during the training;
- willingness to apply such knowledge and skills in the course of work;
- impact of the training program on the performance;
- willingness to recommend the programme to workmates;
- assessment of the actions of the programme coach.
The feedback results make it possible to improve the educational system, to make changes to the training programmes taking into account the wishes and recommendations of the employees.
Occupational Safety Expenses
The Company annually allocates a lot of funds for its measures related to the occupational health and the prevention of industrial injuries. In the reporting period, Unipro allocated RUB 474.9 mln to take those measures, that is by 4% more than in 2019. In terms of one employee, the occupational health and safety expenses averaged RUB 117.6 thousand per person.
Provision of the employees with personal protective
Measures to improve the working conditions
Measures to prevent diseases at work
Measures to reduce the injury rate and to prevent accidents
Core Results of Occupational Health and Safety in 2020
In 2020, Unipro PJSC secured a strategic target – zero workplace fatalities among its own and contractor employees.
Total recordable incident frequency (TRIF) amounted to 0.25 with a threshold value <1.4. Meanwhile, the number of incidents involving lost time injuries reduced from 7 to 4, as compared to 2019, and the Berezovskaya GRES Power Unit No. 3 repair and reconstruction works project recorded zero incidents involving lost time injuries. The accidents resulted in injures to three operating employees and one supporting employee (all victims are men). 403-9
In 2020, the key areas of occupational health and safety development were:
- transition to a new level of managing the Occupational Health and Safety Management System with further certification for compliance with the requirements of ISO 45001-2018;
- leadership and involvement of the employees in occupational health and safety;
- focus mitigation of high risks of injury to the staff in the TOP-5 areas (work with electric power installations, hot works, confined spaces, work at height, work with hoisting equipment).
The following was done while preparing for the certification of the Health and Occupational Safety Management System of Unipro PJSC for compliance with the requirements of ISO 45001-2018:
- the Occupational Health and Safety Policy was revised;
- the internal regulatory documents of the Health and Occupational Safety Management System were revised;
- the employees were trained on the main changes in the effective Health and Occupational Safety Management System;
- off-schedule hazard identification and risk assessment conduced at all work stations;
- the threats and opportunities in the field of occupational health and safety were identified;
- the internal audits and pre-certification audit of the Health and Occupational Safety Management System were carried out.
The Centres of Competence in the TOP-5 areas developed Action Plans to Mitigate the Risks of Injury in the TOP-5 Areas, and proposals describing the best practices for safe work were drafted for the Company’s unified standard.
Maintenance of thermal and mechanical equipment
Falling on slippery surfaces
Electric arc impact
Road traffic accident
ISO 45001-2018 re-certification audit of the Unipro business resulted in success in 2020
The repair and reconstruction works project of power unit 3 of Berezovskaya GRES continued to implement the programme for visual identification of staff competencies by applying appropriate stickers on protective helmets, an occupational health and safety adaptation programme was introduced which culminates in the issue of Safety Passports to the employees and the official permit to work on the project.
The number of violations identified in 2020 decreased by 34.7% as compared to 2019
In accordance with the revised Procedure of Hazard, Threat and Opportunity Identification, their Risk Assessment and Management Measures Determination; in 2020, Unipro PJSC carried out the following:
- unscheduled hazard identification and risk assessment. As a result, the risk levels are now considered acceptable, provided that the required control actions are taken.
- identification of threats and opportunities in the field of occupational health and safety. Measures to manage the threats and opportunities identified were determined
In 2020, the number of near misses resulting in suspended work reduced 5 times as compared to the same period of 2019. The violations identified are related to hot works and work at height.
All incidents involving lost time injuries, near misses and accidents that occurred were investigated, with root causes determined, corrective/pro-active actions developed, and notifications provided to the relevant branch and contractor employees.
In 2020, no occupational diseases were recorded at Unipro. In the reporting period, the Company did not receive any information on occupational diseases of the contractors employees 403-10. At the same time, Unipro keeps a record of the hazardous factors that entail the risk of occupational diseases on an ongoing basis.
With hoisting equipment
In electrical installations
In confined space
Other (Work permit system, Method statement)
Ways to Identify
Actions to be Taken
Revealing bilateral sensorineural hearing loss during regular examination and when referring to audiologists
High air temperature in the production premises and outdoors
When the employees visit the branch health unit having symptoms of overheating of the body (heat stroke, heat collapse, heat cramps, heat dehydration)
When the employees visit health units, refer to doctors at the place of residence or in the course of medical examinations due to symptoms of osteoarthrosis of joints with dysfunction (shoulder joints, elbow joints, knee joints), as well as pain in the lower back and cervical spine with dysfunction
In 2021, a limit of TRIF (Total Recordable Incident Frequency) (own staff + contractors) of Unipro PJSC should not be more than ≤ 1.30 for the Company and its branches and should be 0 for the Headquarters. At the same time, the focus should be on creating and maintaining the conditions under which the staff reports all incidents, including events that did not result in an injury.
Implementation of the Occupational Safety and Health Plan in 2020
Unipro implements the Occupational Safety and Health Plan regularly and on an annual basis in 5 key areas:
The Occupational Health and Safety Enhancement Plan for 2020 was implemented in full. Additional measures were taken as well to develop the competencies and the involvement of the employees in occupational health and safety and in the implementation of a set of measures to counter COVID-19.
Reliable and safe generation, operation of equipment, technical and production facilities is one of the strategic goals of Unipro. Industrial Safety Policy is of essential value in this regard.
The Industrial Safety Policy sets the Company’s objectives and obligations to mitigate the risk of accidents at hazardous production facilities and the Company’s industrial safety obligations.
The industrial safety goals and objectives are aimed at mitigating industrial risks at the operational hazardous production facilities by improving production control, the quality of repairs and industrial safety expert-examinations.
The development of an Industrial Safety Management System (hereinafter the “ISMS”) in Unipro PJSC is mainly driven by the operation of hazardous production facilities referred to Hazard II Class in the Company. The ISMS requires planning and followup of certain measures, implementation of corrective and preventive actions, conduct of inspections and analysis of the effective operation of the system in accordance with the Company’s Industrial Safety Policy, as well as development of measures for consistent improvement and adjustment of the system to changing circumstances.
Operation of hazardous production facilities (“HPF”) is controlled by the Company in accordance with the Regulation on Production Control over Compliance with the Industrial Safety Requirements at Hazardous Production Facilities of Unipro PJSC in 4 stages as per the annual production control plan.
Unipro PJSC operates 39 hazardous production facilities (HPF) registered in the state register of hazardous production facilities as required by Federal Law “On Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities” No. FZ-116 of 21 July 1997 and assigned a relevant hazard class (Registration Certificate А58- 70689).
Hazard class II
Hazard class III
Hazard class IV
Buildings and structures
All the HPF and hydraulic structures are insured in accordance with Federal Law “On Mandatory ThirdParty Liability Insurance of the Owner of a Hazardous Production Facility against Damage Resulting from an Accident at the Hazardous Production Facility” No. 225-FZ dated 27 July 2010 and the current rules for mandatory third-party liability insurance of the owner of a hazardous production facility against damage resulting from an accident at the hazardous production facility.
Regarding the HPF of hazard class II where hazardous substances are produced, used, processed, generated, stored, transported, destroyed in the quantities specified in Appendix 2 to the said Federal Law, industrial safety declarations (hereinafter referred to as the “ISD”) were developed, safety expert review of ISD was conducted, opinions of safety expert reviews of ISD were entered into the state register of opinions, ISD were entered into the state register of declarations.
Process Safety Improvement Results in 2020
To ensure safe operation of HPF, 348 expert reviews of industrial safety were conducted in 2020 as per the schedule, aimed at extending the lifetime of 260 equipment units and 88 buildings and structures operated at HPF.
The staff certification process has been implemented and is used in accordance with the requirements of the “Regulation on Staff Certification in Industrial Safety, Safety of Hydraulic Structures, Safety in the Electric Power Industry” approved by Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1365 dated 25 October 2019 — using the “Single Testing Portal” information system.
In November-December 2020, the procedures for reissue of the license for the operation of fire, explosion and chemically hazardous production facilities of I, II and III Hazard Classes were completed by adding 46 addresses of places of activities in relation to Berezovskaya GRES thermal networks into the license (regarding the places of activities which were not previously specified in the license).
With regard to the equipment to be operated as part of Berezovskaya GRES Power Unit 3:
- The expert reviews of industrial safety were conducted in relation to 8 equipment units (opinions were entered into the register of opinions);
- 7 equipment units were assessed for their conformity to the Technical Regulation of the Customs Union “On Safety of Equipment Operating under Excessive Pressure” (TR CU 032/2013) (documents confirming the conformity to TR CU 032/2013 were received);
- 8 equipment units underwent a commissioning check of readiness with the participation of the inspector of the Yenisei Department of Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service of Russia (Rostekhnadzor);
- a documentary commissioning was carried out based on the results of the readiness check of 10 equipment units controlled by Rostechnadzor;
- 6 equipment units were registered with the Yenisei Department of Rostechnadzor.
A declaration of industrial safety was developed for the HPF “GRES Main Building Site” (Berezovskaya GRES), Reg. No. A58-70689-0020. The expert review of industrial safety was conducted in relation to the ISD, the opinion of safety expert review was entered into the register of opinions. The ISD was entered into the register of declarations under Reg. No. 20- 20(00).0375-00-ДР on 17 November 2020.
In accordance with the approved production programmes, comprehensive activities have been performed, aimed at bringing HPF in compliance with the requirements of the Federal Rules and Regulations in industrial safety: “Safety Regulations for Chemically Hazardous Production Facilities” (hereinafter referred to as the “ChHPF FRR”); “Code of Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities Where Equipment Operating Under Excessive Pressure is Used” (hereinafter referred to as the “EOuP FRR”). The measures planned for 2020 were taken in full.
To ensure safe and reliable operation of HPF, compliance with the legal requirements, and timely planning and scheduling as well as performance and control of diagnostic and routine procedures by the Company, the Company continued implementing the Industrial Safety Management Automated Information System (ISMAIS) in 2020.
Based on the experience of operating the existing components of the ISMAIS, the following modules were improved and adjusted: planning of activities based on the findings of examinations/surveys, an electronic log of production control.
The improved modules allow:
- to plan the measures required by opinions of safety expert reviews and/or based on the inspection findings by setting the work stages and following up their further implementation;
- to ensure proper control over timely implementation of the measures suggested based on the findings of the expert reviews of industrial safety and/or inspection;
- to record the results of the HPF inspections made as part of Stage II and/or III of production control over compliance with the requirements of industrial safety of the HPF in the ISMAIS and to monitor the elimination of any identified inconsistencies in the ISMAIS.
Consistent modernisation of the ISMAIS enables Unipro to ensure a more efficient management of industrial safety business processes, reveal and correct all irregularities promptly, and plan its process safety ensuring efforts
2021 and Midterm Plans:
- methodological support of the comprehensive audit planned by Rostechnadzor in 2021 in respect of 30 HPF for the purposes of state supervision in industrial safety;
- methodological support of works carried out in relation to the equipment during repair and reconstruction works at Berezovskaya GRES Power Unit 3 as required by the Technical Regulations and Federal Regulations and Rules regarding the industrial safety (“FRR”);
- further development and analysis of the newly introduced FRR, as well as comprehensive surveys of HPF to compare the actual state with the requirements of the newly introduced FRR, development of remedial measures (before eliminating inconsistencies) and determining the remedial periods for the existing inconsistencies;
- updating of HPF descriptions;
- holding of the annual quantity of expert reviews of industrial safety;
- performing the activities of comprehensive programmes to bring HPF in compliance with the requirements of the ChHPF FRR and EOuP FRR.
- further configuration and implementation of ISMAIS modules, including further development of the report form of the annual report on industrial safety to be unloaded (due to the entry into force of Rostechnadzor Order No. 518 of 11 December 2020), revision and adaptation of “Certification” section in the “Personnel” module, updating of the “Library of regulatory and technical documents” module (due to the “regulatory guillotine”), implementation of the “Electronic log of PC” module.
Provision of Security and Anti-terrorism Measures at the Facilities
Special attention is paid to the issues of security and anti-terrorism protection of the Unipro facilities. The Company systematically and progressively implements the measure aimed at eliminating the potential threat of illegal actions and illegal entry of violators into the Company’s facilities.
In 2020, the Company continued to improve its security system at the Company’s facilities. Action Plans for Ensuring Anti-terrorism Protection of the Facilities, as well as the measures for prevention of risks of illegal intrusion at the Company’s facilities were updated.
Within the framework of implementing the investment programmes, the works on designing, refurbishment, and reconstruction of security engineering and technical devices installed at Unipro facilities were continued using state-of-the-art technologies and the existing best practices.
In 2020 a pilot project for construction of a group of security systems at the Berezovskaya GRES was completed. Previously, these units were introduced at PP Surgutskaya-2, Shaturskaya GRES and Yaivinskaya GRES. Their introduction was due to significant savings on routine maintenance and continuous maintenance of engineering and technical security equipment, the number of which is significantly increasing as required by the applicable laws of the Russian Federation.
Commissioning of the safety groups at these facilities of the Company has demonstrated the actual efficiency in the arrangement and operation of engineering and technical means of protection installed at Unipro facilities, increased the effectiveness of the security system at the facilities, made it difficult for potential intruders to enter the facilities and created conditions for employees of the security department to respond in a timely manner to any emerging threats.
During the reporting period, almost all Unipro facilities carried out vulnerability analysis of the facility as a whole, identification of vulnerabilities, potentially dangerous areas and critical elements, as well as evaluated the effectiveness of the existing security system at the Company’s facilities.
Since the Department of Federal National Guard Troops Service( Rosgvardiya) for the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area officially notified of the impossibility of its participation in the work of the committee at these facilities of the Company due to pandemic restrictions, these activities have been postponed to 2021.
To determine the efficiency of the security system at the Company facilities, the Company conducted drills and assessed the facility safety efficiency jointly with the representatives of the Federal Security Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia. The Company closely cooperates with regional anti-terrorism commissions of executive authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Over the course of 2020, federal government supervision (oversight) authorities charged with the safety of fuel and energy complex facilities conducted scheduled and unscheduled inspections at the Company facilities that confirmed that all the activities and measures implemented by the Company comply with the legal requirements.
In the previous period, no unlawful intrusion acts were recorded at the Company’s facilities.
Results of Development and Training in Civil Defence and Emergency Management
In 2020, staff training in civil defence and emergency management was organised in accordance with the requirements of the directive documents. These activities were based on the requirements set in:
- Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 547 of 04 September 2003 “On Manmade and Natural Emergencies Training of the Population”;
- Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 841 of 02 November 2000 “On Approval of the Regulation on the Organisation of Civil Defence Training of the Population”;
- Guidelines for Organisation and Conduct of Course Training in Civil Defence and Emergency Management, approved by the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia No. 2-4-87-46-11 of 02 December 2015;
- sample programs of course training for officials and employees of the Civil Defence and the Single State Emergency Management System, personnel of the Non-regular Emergency Rescue Teams and Non-regular Civil Defence Teams, approved by the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia No. 2-4- 71-8-14 of 22 February 2017.
To this end, at the beginning of the year, the results of civil defence and emergency management training of personnel were approved and objectives for 2020 were set. In coordination with local authorities, plans were formed for the recruitment of advanced training institutions and training centres for civil defence and emergency management.
All the branches established training groups for 2020 to train personnel on life safety issues, and employee training was organised. Training plans for all categories of branch staff were approved, the composition of training groups was approved, the leaders of group classes were identified, and training programs with trained personnel were approved.
To ensure high readiness of emergency response resources and facilities planned special training was held for Non-regular Emergency Rescue Teams and Non-regular Civil Defence Teams in accordance with the approved course training program under the training module for the Non-regular Emergency Rescue Teams. The branch management personnel is trained in accordance with the approved course training program under the training module, the remaining categories of employees are trained according to 14-hour training module set for workers and employees.
Unipro PJSC branches have training resources and facilities that contribute to raising the awareness level of branch employees in civil defence and manmade and natural emergency management issues.
The classes for training of workers and employees, branch teams in civil defence and emergency management issues were formed in civil defence shelters of the station by orders of directors of PP Surgutskaya-2, Yaivinskaya GRES, Shaturskaya GRES and Smolenskaya GRES. The classrooms are equipped with all the necessary teaching aids, benches, and video learning tools.
There are 144 posters and benches on civil defence and civil protection issues in the administrative and industrial premises of the stations. In 2020, video broadcasting was continued: about 150 videos were shown on issues related to fires, emergencies, civil defence and anti-terrorism on information boards (television screens). A set of posters on civil defence issues is actively used for the purposes of civil defence exercise.
In 2020 no accidents with injuries and deaths were recorded at Unipro assets
In 2020 staff training in civil defence and emergency management issues was organised and held in Unipro PJSC branches in accordance with the requirements of regulatory legal acts. All the planned measures for training and improving the training resources and facilities have been fully implemented.
Training and professional development of management, senior officers and specialists in the protection of branch staff and adjacent territories against emergencies were carried out in 2020 in accordance with the approved annual development plan. In total, it was planned to train 299 employees, including:
- chairmen of the Committee of Emergencies and Industrial Safety — 2 prs, 2 prs trained (100 %);
- function employees charged with civil defence issues — 1 prs, 1 prs trained (100 %);
- senior officers and members of the Non-regular Emergency Rescue Teams — 159 prs, 159 prs trained (100 %);
- senior officers and members of the Committee of Emergencies and Industrial Safety — 19 prs, 19 prs trained (100 %);
- other employees to be trained — 118 prs, 118 prs trained (100 %).
The training classes were held in professional development institutions (13 employees), civil defence and emergency management training and methodological centres (53 employees), at workplaces (233 employees).
Training of workers and employees who do belong to non-regular teams was carried out in groups under the supervision of their line managers, as well as by self-study of materials on emergency management at “Civil Protection Corner” benches and in civil defence and emergency management training classes.
In general, the plan for training and professional development of management, senior officers and specialists in the protection of branch staff and adjacent territories against emergencies was implemented in 2020.
The knowledge, skills and abilities of personnel in civil defence and emergency management issues are improved through drills and training sessions. Knowledge of the emergency procedures developed for the personnel, as obtained by all categories of trainees, is checked during training sessions and joint drills held at the facilities.
Actually during 2020, 65 drills and training sessions were conducted with the participation of 1,770 employees, including 1 integrated drill with participation of 215 persons, 7 headquarter exercises with participation of 251 persons, 13 special tactical training exercises with participation of 229 persons and 43 training sessions at the facilities with participation of 229 persons.
The drills and training sessions were held with special focus on practical exercise of the measures related to:
- notification of the staff, management personnel, emergency services;
- evacuation of the staff and gathering of the management personnel of the branch;
- practical exercise of the measures related to accident and emergency prevention and elimination.
In general, the quality of development and arrangement of the drills and training sessions is rated as adequate. According to the results of the drills and training sessions conducted, the management bodies are quite prepared for dealing with the civil defence and emergency problems
Fire protection activities at the branch sites
For the purposes of fire safety all branches of Unipro made fire service contracts. Private fire safety divisions are engaged to provide the fire services. The total number of the fire-fighting and special purpose equipment is 22 units.
In 2020 the staff number of the fire units was increased to 310 persons. Such an increase in the staff number is accounted for by the fire safety division at Berezovskaya GRES, where the total staff number is to be increased up to 113 employees and the fire watch team is to reach 22 persons as part of implementation of the Comprehensive Program for Fire Safety Enhancement at Power Unit 3.
A number of accidents involving fire outbreak have been recorded within the branch site and facilities for the reporting period. Most incidents occurred at the places of powdered coal deposits at the site and facilities of Berezovskaya GRES. Rapid response of fire safety divisions was organised for all incidents: fire response and activities of the fire safety divisions prove a high degree of readiness and prompt response. No open fires took place, no material or property damages were caused, and there were no injuries.
In 2020, the total number of response operations of fire safety divisions was 4,292 (an increase of 5% compared to the same period of the previous year), including 2 “fire alarm responses” to the stations in connection with fires, fire threats, fire alarms (a decrease of 71% compared to the previous year) and 55 “fire alarm responses” outside the station site (a decrease of 21% compared to the previous year).
During the reporting period, 61 planned stationwide fire-fighting trainings were conducted with the participation of fire safety divisions, where 2,054 employees of branches and fire safety divisions were involved.
In accordance with the contracts made, the fire safety divisions are engaged for the purposes of organisation and conduct of fire prevention activities to prevent fires, as well as to conduct an internal audit of fire safety.
The work of the divisions is aimed at preventing and eliminating the possible causes of fires, increasing the responsibility of branch officials and employees for compliance with the fire safety rules. The authorised divisions take preventive measures at the branch facilities and monitor the activities of the engaged contractors. This work is carried out in accordance with the approved regulations on fire prevention at the branch sites and facilities.
The key outcome of the fire prevention divisions’ activities was detection of 5,054 violations of the fire prevention rules; their number has decreased by 18 % as compared to the previous year. There were 609 violations of the maintenance of fire-fighting water systems (a decrease of 13%) and 61 failures of fire alarm systems and false alarms (a decrease of 4%). The inspections revealed 22 violations of the maintenance and operation of fire hydrants (there are 298 fire hydrants in total), 570 violations of the rules for the storage and operation of primary fire extinguishing equipment (there are 6,401 fire extinguishers in total).
Violations of the fire prevention rules are recorded in the form of written proposals including their remedial period or are indicated orally. Follow up over the elimination of identified comments is also organized.
The technical condition of the sources of internal and external fire-fighting water supply is monitored on a daily basis.
Employees of the fire safety divisions are actively involved in the preparation and training of the management personnel and employees of the branches on fire safety issues.
During the reporting period, 2,750 introductory briefings were held on fire safety rules, including for contractors’ employees. 676 briefings on fire safety measures and 883 presentations on fire-related topics were conducted in labour collectives.
Generally speaking, the analysis of the activities of fire divisions showed that:
- the terms and conditions of fire service contracts were fulfilled in 2020;
- the fire accident preparedness level of the fire safety devisions is assessed as adequate;
- the fire prevention work is arranged at the facilities of the branches and carried out as required by the contracts.